Academic Standard

The Atmosphere
Tennessee State Standards
Science (2009-2018)
Grade range: 
Subject = Earth & Space Science
Events that occur in this layer of gases surrounding the Earth control its weather and climate. The atmosphere contains oxygen needed for life and carbon dioxide used by plants during photosynthesis. Nitrogen is the most abundant element found in the atmosphere. By blocking some solar radiation, the atmosphere protects living organisms from genetic damage. The composition of this thin envelope of gases developed over time as plants evolved and in response to physical conditions on the earth's surface. Any serious alteration in the concentration of its natural components is apt to have dire consequences for life on Earth.Conceptual StrandThe earth is surrounded by an active atmosphere and an energy system that controls the distribution of life, local weather, climate, and global temperature.Guiding QuestionHow do the physical characteristics and the chemical makeup of the atmosphere influence the surface processes and life on earth?
Elements within this Standard
Grade Level Expectation
Associate temperature patterns with seasonal changes.
Check For Understanding
Use records and graphs of seasonal temperature changes to draw conclusions about the weather during different times of the year.