Academic Standard

Embedded Technology/Engineering
Tennessee State Standards
Science (2009-2018)
Grade range: 
9 to 12
Subject = Science
Scientific inquiry is fueled by the desire to understand the natural world; technological design is driven by the need to meet human needs and solve human problems. Technology exerts a more direct effect on society than science because it is focused on solving human problems, helping humans to adapt to changes, and fulfilling goals and aspirations. The engineering design cycle describes the worklives of practicing engineers. The design cycle describes a series of activities that includes a background research, problem identification, feasibility analysis, selection of design criteria, prototype development, planning and design, production and product evaluation. Because there are as many variations of this model, practicing engineers do not adhere to a rigid step-by-step interpretation of this design cycle.Conceptual StrandSociety benefits when engineers apply scientific discoveries to design materials and processes that develop into enabling technologies.Guiding QuestionHow do science concepts, engineering skills, and applications of technology improve the quality of life?
Elements within this Standard
Course Level Expectation
Explore the impact of technology on social, political, and economic systems.
Differentiate among elements of the engineering design cycle: design constraints, model building, testing, evaluating, modifying, and retesting.
Explain the relationship between the properties of a material and the use of the material in the application of a technology.
Describe the dynamic interplay among science, technology, and engineering within living, earth-space, and physical systems.
Check For Understanding
Distinguish among tools and procedures best suited to conduct a specified scientific inquiry.
Apply the engineering design process to construct a prototype that meets developmentally appropriate specifications.
Evaluate a protocol to determine the degree to which an engineering design process was successfully applied.
Explore how the unintended consequences of new technologies can impact human and non-human communities.
Evaluate the overall benefit to cost ratio of a new technology.
Present research on current technologies that advance health and contribute to improvements in our daily lives.
Design a series of multi-view drawings that can be used by other students to construct an adaptive design and test its effectiveness.