Academic Standard

Language
Initiative: 
Tennessee Diploma Project
Set: 
English Language Arts
Type: 
Standard
Code: 
1
Grade range: 
K
Language is the systematic means of communicating ideas and feelings through the use of signs, gestures, words, and/or auditory symbols. Language Arts is the name given to the curriculum area that includes four types of language: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Language Arts teaching constitutes a significant area in education, since listening, speaking, reading, and writing pervade the curriculum. They are vital to learning and the display of learning in all areas- math, science, and social studies. Teachers must teach students to be proficient in all four areas of language to be successful in their learning across the curriculum.Conceptual StrandStandard American English conventions and vocabulary are essential to ensure effective use of language and promote success in college as well as all types of career opportunities.Guiding QuestionIn what ways do Standard American English conventions and vocabulary promote success in education and in careers?
 
Elements within this Standard
 
Grade Level Expectation
Demonstrate an emerging understanding of basic English usage, mechanics, spelling, and sentence structure.
Employ a variety of strategies to decode words and expand vocabulary.
Develop and maintain phonological awareness.
Begin to explore the alphabetic principle.
Check For Understanding
Recognize end punctuation marks for statements (period), questions (question mark) and emotions (exclamation mark).
Recognize capitalization at the beginning of sentences.
Use capitalization when writing names.
Spell own first and last name.
Attempt to spell simple words using pre-to-early phonetic knowledge, sounds of the alphabet, and knowledge of letter names.
Read high frequency words (e.g., the, and, can, color words, number words).
Recognize nonlinguistic representations of words (e.g., picture dictionary, room labels, common symbols such as stop signs).
Use context clues to identify vocabulary in text.
Build vocabulary by reading, listening to, and discussing a variety of literature.
Maintain phonemic awareness. Understand that a phoneme is one distinct sound. Use sound stretching of one-syllable words to identify each phoneme. Use
Apply phonics generalizations in order to decode words. Recognize and name all uppercase/lowercase letters of the alphabet. Understand that the sequence of