Academic Standard

Tennessee Diploma Project
English Language Arts
Grade range: 
Language is the systematic means of communicating ideas and feelings through the use of signs, gestures, words, and/or auditory symbols. Language Arts is the name given to the curriculum area that includes four types of language: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Language Arts teaching constitutes a significant area in education, since listening, speaking, reading, and writing pervade the curriculum. They are vital to learning and the display of learning in all areas- math, science, and social studies. Teachers must teach students to be proficient in all four areas of language to be successful in their learning across the curriculum.Conceptual StrandStandard American English conventions and vocabulary are essential to ensure effective use of language and promote success in college as well as all types of career opportunities.Guiding QuestionIn what ways do Standard American English conventions and vocabulary promote success in education and in careers?
Elements within this Standard
Grade Level Expectation
Demonstrate knowledge of Standard English usage, mechanics, and spelling.
Demonstrate knowledge of strategies and resources to determine the definition, pronunciation, and usage of words and phrases.
Demonstrate knowledge of Standard English sentence structure.
Check For Understanding
Know and use appropriately the meaning, forms, and functions of nouns (including nouns as subjects and objects, singular, plural, and possessives),
Recognize and avoid errors in Standard English usage (e.g., to/too/two, their/there/theyre).
Know and apply the rules for capitalization (e.g., names, dates, cities and states, addresses, holidays, titles of books, first word in a sentence, proper nouns,
Understand and use standard marks of punctuation (e.g., end punctuation; periods in initials, abbreviations, and titles before names; colon between hour and
Use commas in direct address, dates, locations and addresses, and items in a series.
Recognize the correct use of apostrophes in contractions and possessives.
Spell correctly high-frequency and commonly misspelled words appropriate to grade level.
Form and spell contractions, plurals, and possessives.
Abbreviate words correctly.
Apply correct orthographic patterns (e.g., consonant doubling, changing y to i, dropping the final silent e before adding the suffix).
Arrange and identify words in alphabetical order for practical purposes occurring in everyday life (e.g., lists, phone directory).
Write legibly in manuscript and in cursive.
Recognize sentence typesstatements, questions, commands, and exclamationsand apply appropriate end marks when writing and vocal intonation when speaking.
Identify the subject and predicate of a sentence (simple and compound).
Recognize complete sentences and sentence fragments; edit appropriately.
Combine simple sentences into compound sentences using compound subjects and/or predicates.
Continue to maintain and develop the ability to distinguish sounds and sound patterns within words.
Continue to develop word consciousness (e.g., word play, word walls, word sorts).
Define and recognize word synonyms and antonyms.
Use a variety of previously learned strategies to determine the meanings of unfamiliar words.
State Performance Indicator
Identify the correct use of nouns (i.e., as subjects, singular and plural) within context.
Identify the correct use of verbs (i.e. present, past, and future tense) within context.
Identify the correct use of adjectives (i.e., comparative and superlative) within context.
Identify correctly used capital letters in names, dates, and addresses.
Select the simple subject and predicate of a sentence.
Select the compound sentence that correctly combines two simple sentences.
Recognize correct capitalization and end punctuation within context.
Choose the correct formation of contractions and plurals within context.
Identify the correct use of commas with dates, addresses, items in a series, and the greeting and closing of a friendly letter.
Identify declarative, interrogative, and exclamatory sentences by recognizing appropriate end marks.
Rearrange and identify words in alphabetical order (e.g., lists, phone directory)
Choose correctly (or incorrectly) spelled words in context.
Recognize grade level compound words, contractions, and common abbreviations within context.
Recognize usage errors occurring within context (i.e., double negatives, troublesome words: to/too/two; their/there/theyre).
Recognize usage errors occurring within context (i.e., double negatives, troublesome words: to/too/two; their/there/theyre).
Recognize root words and their various inflections (e.g., walks, walking, walked).
Determine word meanings using prefixes, suffixes and/or context clues.
Select appropriate synonyms and antonyms within context.
Distinguish individual sounds, including consonant blends, within words.
Recognize grade appropriate vocabulary, including multiple-meaning words, within context.
Determine word meaning through context clues.