Academic Standard

Tennessee Diploma Project
English Language Arts
Grade range: 
Language is the systematic means of communicating ideas and feelings through the use of signs, gestures, words, and/or auditory symbols. Language Arts is the name given to the curriculum area that includes four types of language: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Language Arts teaching constitutes a significant area in education, since listening, speaking, reading, and writing pervade the curriculum. They are vital to learning and the display of learning in all areas- math, science, and social studies. Teachers must teach students to be proficient in all four areas of language to be successful in their learning across the curriculum.Conceptual StrandStandard American English conventions and vocabulary are essential to ensure effective use of language and promote success in college as well as all types of career opportunities.Guiding QuestionIn what ways do Standard American English conventions and vocabulary promote success in education and in careers?
Elements within this Standard
Grade Level Expectation
Demonstrate knowledge of Standard English usage, mechanics, and spelling.
Demonstrate knowledge of strategies and resources to determine the definition, pronunciation, and usage of words and phrases.
Demonstrate knowledge of Standard English sentence structure.
Check For Understanding
Know and use appropriately the meaning, forms, and functions of nouns (including singular and plural, common and proper, singular and plural possessives), verbs
Recognize usage errors (e.g., double negatives, troublesome word groups:{to/too/two, their/there/theyre, its/its, sit/set, lie/lay}).
Capitalize correctly sentence beginnings, proper nouns and adjectives, titles, abbreviations, quotations, and parts of friendly and business letters.
Use correct punctuation at the ends of sentences.
Demonstrate the correct usage of commas (e.g., series, direct address, following introductory words, dates, addresses, quotations, letters, and compound sentences).
Demonstrate the correct usage of quotation marks (e.g., in direct quotations and in titles).
Spell correctly high-frequency and commonly misspelled words appropriate to grade level.
Form and spell correctly contractions, plurals, and possessives.
Abbreviate words correctly.
Spell correctly words commonly used in content specific vocabulary.
Write legibly in manuscript and cursive.
Use appropriate language structure in oral and written communication (e.g., subject-verb agreement in simple and compound sentences, correct word order within a
Use complete sentences in writing.
Recognize and edit incomplete sentences and run-on sentences.
Combine simple sentences into compound sentences.
Define and recognize synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms.
Continue to develop word consciousness (e.g., word play, word walls, word sorts).
Use a variety of previously learned strategies (e.g., understanding of roots and affixes, context clues, reference sources) to determine the meaning of
State Performance Indicator
Identify the correct use of nouns (i.e., common and proper, plurals, possessives) and pronouns (i.e., subject, object, and agreement) within context.
Identify the correct use of verbs (i.e., agreement, tenses, action and linking) within context.
Identify the correct use of adjectives (i.e., comparison forms and articles) and adverbs (i.e., comparison forms and negatives) within context.
Identify declarative, interrogative, and exclamatory sentences by recognizing appropriate end marks.
Select the best way to correct incomplete sentences within context.
Identify the correct use of commas (i.e., series, dates, addresses, friendly letters, introductory words, compound sentences) within context.
Recognize usage errors occurring within context (i.e., double negatives, troublesome words: to/too/two, their/there/theyre, its/its).
Identify correctly or incorrectly spelled words in context.
Choose the correct formation of plurals, contractions, and possessives within context.
Choose the correct use of quotation marks and commas in direct quotations.
Identify sentences with correct subject-verb agreement (person and number).
Select appropriate antonyms, synonyms, and homonyms within context.
Recognize and use grade appropriate vocabulary within context.
Use prefixes, suffixes, and root words as aids in determining meaning within context.
Identify grade level compound words, contractions, and common abbreviations within context.
Determine the meaning of unfamiliar words using context clues, dictionaries, and glossaries.