Academic Standard

Tennessee Diploma Project
English Language Arts
Grade range: 
9 to 12
Communication is the practice of conveying information from one person to another. The language arts are all essential to the communication process. Listening and speaking are fundamental to oral communication. Reading and writing are vital to written communication; viewing and visually representing are critical to visual communication. Listening, reading, and viewing are ways to receive information. Speaking, writing, and visually representing are ways of sharing information.Conceptual StrandEffective communication through clear and persuasive expression and attentive listening is necessary for success in school, the workplace, and the larger community. Guiding QuestionHow do good listening and speaking skills help to communicate clearly and persuasively in all interactive settings?
Elements within this Standard
Course Level Expectation
Demonstrate critical listening skills essential for comprehension, evaluation, problem solving, and task completion.
Summarize, paraphrase, and critique information presented orally by others.
Identify the thesis and main points of a challenging speech.
Analyze the style and structure of a challenging speech.
Understand strategies for expressing ideas clearly and effectively in a variety of oral contexts.
Deliver effective oral presentations.
Participate in work teams and group discussions.
Check For Understanding
Follow multi-tasked or multi-dimensional instructions to perform a specific role in a task, answer difficult questions, and solve challenging problems.
Identify the thesis of a challenging speech in which the ideas may be subtle or implied, regardless of whether the organizational pattern is linear.
Summarize information presented orally by others, including the purposes, major ideas, and supporting details or evidence.
Paraphrase accurately multiple, challenging ideas and information presented orally by others.
Critique ideas and information presented orally by others.
Analyze the ways in which the style, structure, and rhetorical devices of a challenging speech support or confound its meaning or purpose, taking into account
Listen actively in group discussions by posing relevant questions and by eliminating barriers to communication.
Include facts, reasons, details, and examples to support increasingly complex points.
Organize oral presentations to emphasize the purpose of the presentation, citing first the simple examples or arguments and then the more abstract ones.
Utilize an organizational structure that enhances the appeal to the audience and is appropriate for the purpose (e.g., sequential, problem-solution,
Arrange ideas logically and maintain a consistent focus.
Signal clear connections among ideas through the consistent and effective use of a variety of transitions.
Provide a coherent and effective conclusion that reinforces the focus of the presentation.
Use effective rhetorical devices such as rhetorical questions, parallelism and repetition, analogies, and hyperbole.
Employ effective presentation skills, including good eye contact, careful enunciation, appropriate rate and volume, and relaxed body language.
Participate productively in self-directed work teams for a particular purpose (e.g., to interpret literature, solve a problem, make a decision) by adhering to
State Performance Indicator
Identify the thesis and main points of a challenging speech.
Distinguish between a summary and a paraphrase.
Distinguish between a critique and a summary.
Discern the structure of a challenging speech (e.g., sequential, problemsolution, comparison-contrast, cause-effect).
Identify rhetorical devices used in a challenging speech (i.e., rhetorical questions, parallelism and repetition, analogies, and hyperbole).
Determine the most effective methods of engaging an audience during an oral presentation (e.g., making eye contact, adjusting speaking rate).
Select the most appropriate strategies for participating productively in a team (e.g., gaining the floor in orderly, respectful ways and listening with civility