Academic Standard

Tennessee Diploma Project
English Language Arts
Grade range: 
9 to 12
Communication is the practice of conveying information from one person to another. The language arts are all essential to the communication process. Listening and speaking are fundamental to oral communication. Reading and writing are vital to written communication; viewing and visually representing are critical to visual communication. Listening, reading, and viewing are ways to receive information. Speaking, writing, and visually representing are ways of sharing information.Conceptual StrandEffective communication through clear and persuasive expression and attentive listening is necessary for success in school, the workplace, and the larger community. Guiding QuestionHow do good listening and speaking skills help to communicate clearly and persuasively in all interactive settings?
Elements within this Standard
Course Level Expectation
Demonstrate critical listening skills essential for comprehension, evaluation, problem solving, and task completion.
Summarize, paraphrase, and critique information presented orally by others.
Identify the thesis and main points of a complex speech.
Analyze the style and structure of a complex speech.
Understand strategies for expressing ideas clearly and effectively in a variety of oral contexts.
Deliver effective oral presentations.
Participate in work teams and group discussions.
Check For Understanding
Follow multi-tasked or multi-dimensional spoken instructions to perform a specific role in a task, answer difficult questions, and solve challenging problems.
Identify the thesis of a complex speech in which ideas may be abstract, theoretical, and philosophical and in which the organization is not necessarily linear,
Summarize concisely information presented orally by others by including the purposes, major ideas, and supporting details or evidence; demonstrate the ability
Paraphrase accurately multiple, challenging ideas and information presented orally by others.
Critique ideas and information presented orally by others.
Analyze the ways in which the style, structure, and rhetorical devices of a challenging speech support or confound its meaning or purpose, taking into account
Listen actively in group discussions by asking clarifying, elaborating, and synthesizing questions and by managing internal barriers (e.g., emotional state,
Include abstract and theoretical ideas, valid arguments, substantive and relevant details, and sound evidence to support complex points effectively.
Organize an oral presentation on a complex topic by breaking the topic into parts accessible to listeners, emphasizing key concepts or points, and closing with
Utilize an organizational structure that enhances the appeal to the audience and is appropriate for the purpose (e.g., sequential, problem-solution,
Provide a coherent and effective conclusion that reinforces the presentation in a powerful way, presents the topic in a new light (e.g., as a call to action,
Use effective rhetorical devices such as rhetorical questions to engage the audience; parallelism and repetition to reinforce ideas; analogies to convey
Employ presentation skills including good eye contact, correct enunciation, appropriate rate and volume, and effective gestures.
Participate productively in self-directed work teams for a particular purpose (e.g., to interpret literature, solve a problem, make a decision) by adhering to