Tennessee Diploma Project
English Language Arts
9 to 12
Writing is a way of sharing language in a visual or tactile form. Throughout the world writing systems have been developed independently using a variety of symbols to represent speech, punctuation, and numbers. All of the writing systems utilize visible representations except the Braille system used for the visually impaired. Writing is one of the most commanding communication tools.Conceptual StrandThe ability to write clearly and coherently to a specific topic is vital to effective communication. Authors write for a variety of purposes and to a variety of audiences.Guiding QuestionIn what ways does good writing contribute to effective communication in a variety of purposes and to a variety of audiences?
Course Level Expectation
Write in a variety of modes, with particular emphasis on persuasion, for different purposes and audiences.
Employ various prewriting strategies.
Organize ideas into an essay with a thesis statement in the introduction, well-constructed paragraphs, a conclusion, and transition sentences that connect…
Revise documents to develop or support ideas more clearly, address potential objections, ensure effective transitions between paragraphs, and correct errors in…
Check For Understanding
Write in a variety of modes (e.g., a summary; an explanation; a description; a creative expression; a literary analysis, informational, research, or…
Create sophisticated, complex work-related texts (e.g., instructions, directions, letters, bios, memos, e-mails, proposals, project plans, work orders, reports)…
Develop topics that address unfamiliar and abstract concepts removed from studentspersonal experiences and that require in-depth analysis.
Use a variety of strategies when appropriate (e.g., comparisons, anecdotes, detailed descriptions) to provide facts, details, reasons, and examples that support…
Develop and elaborate on ideas as appropriate to audience and anticipate and respond to readers potential questions and counterarguments.
Include relevant, specific, and compelling details.
Employ organizational structures and support, and incorporate multiple patterns when appropriate (e.g., combine question-answer with comparison-contrast and…
Create text features (e.g., headings subheadings, formatting) as appropriate to signal important points.
Use transitions to signal organizational patterns and to connect and contrast ideas.
Use precise language appropriate to audience and purpose (e.g., connotative words in essays, exact terminology in technical writing).
Use compelling verbs and a variety of figurative language (e.g., irony, caricature, symbols, allusions) to address the needs of audience and purpose.
Use clear sentence structure in developing increasingly complex syntax. (e.g., combining short sentences, varying sentence beginnings, using a variety of…
Employ grammar, usage, and mechanics as rhetorical tools, using incorrect structures as appropriate for effect (e.g., utilize short sentences or fragments for…
When other sources are used or referenced (e.g., in research, informational, or literary essays), adhere to the list below. - Skillfully acknowledge source…
Generate notes while collecting information.
Create a detailed outline based on research, note-taking, or some other method of generating content.
Edit writing for mechanics (e.g., punctuation, capitalization), spelling, grammar (e.g., pronoun-antecedent relationship, use of modifying phrases), style…
Based on readers comments, revise papers to focus on the thesis, develop ideas, address potential objections, employ effective transitions, identify a clear…
Use software (e.g., Photoshop, Acrobat, Dreamweaver, Pagemaker) to incorporate both basic and specialized effects into writing.
Determine how and when to employ technology effectively in written communication.
Practice writing to a persuasive prompt within a specified time limit.
Demonstrate confidence in using the Tennessee Writing Assessment Rubric while evaluating ones own writing and the writing of others.
Refine the techniques of a persuasive essay, including logical reasons, coherent organization, rebuttal arguments, rhetorical devices, and relevant illustrations.
State Performance Indicator
Proofread a passage for correct punctuation, mechanics, and usage.
Choose the most effective order of sentences in a paragraph.
Select the most vivid and compelling word to strengthen a description.
Select the most precise word from a given list of synonyms.
Use a variety of strategies to combine a simple set of sentences into a longer, more complex sentence.
Revise to correct a nonparallel construction.
Select the thesis statement in a writing sample or passage.
Choose the transitional device that appropriately connects sentences or paragraphs within a writing sample.
Rearrange the order of supporting paragraphs within a writing sample given a specified organizational pattern (comparison-contrast, chronological).
Evaluate the relevance of supporting sentences by deleting an irrelevant sentence in a passage.
Determine the writers purpose in a writing sample.
Identify a statement that reveals the writers attitude.
Identify the targeted audience for a selected passage.
Select the proper format to convey a set of work-related information.