Academic Standard

Tennessee Diploma Project
English Language Arts
Grade range: 
9 to 12
Research is the dynamic, attentive, and systematic process of inquiry to discover, interpret, or rework facts, events, behaviors, or theories. Additionally, it makes practical applications with the help of facts, laws, or theories. The term research is also used to describe the collection of information about a particular subject.Conceptual StrandEffective research is the ability to frame, to analyze, and to investigate solutions to problems, while building on and evaluating the credibility of existing research. Effective research leads to the formulation of questions and ultimately to the exploration of new ideas.Guiding QuestionHow does effective research enhance inquiry about any aspect of life?
Elements within this Standard
Course Level Expectation
Define and narrow a problem or research topic.
Gather relevant information from a variety of print and electronic sources, as well as from direct observation, interviews, and surveys.
Make distinctions about the credibility, reliability, consistency, strengths, and limitations of resources, including information gathered from websites.
Write an extended research paper, using primary and secondary sources and technology and graphics, as appropriate.
Use a standard format to arrange text, to cite sources correctly, and to document quotations, paraphrases, and other information.
Check For Understanding
Focus on a complex topic that is sufficiently narrow to examine in depth and that has adequate information available.
Take and organize notes on relevant knowledge, identifying multiple perspectives and areas for research.
Focus on factual and relevant data that are complex and theoretical.
Reference relevant primary, secondary, and tertiary sources, demonstrating a systematic search of resources that are recent and important and are written by
Select reliable resources using appropriate criteria and avoiding the overuse of any one source.
Collect evidence in varied ways to answer the research question (e.g., gathering relevant reasons, examples, and facts; defining key terms; setting up
Craft an introductory section including the limits of a research question, the perspective of the paper, a definition of terms, and a statement of the thesis.
Maintain coherence through the consistent and effective use of connective transitions.
Create an effective organizing structure based on complex research information, sometimes using multiple organizing structures within the essay.
Craft an effective conclusion by answering the research question, explaining the significance of the research findings, making appropriate recommendations,
Skillfully acknowledge source material (create a reliable bibliography or list of works cited and/or works consulted).
Cite sources using a standard format appropriate to the discipline (e.g., MLA, APA), with a high degree of accuracy.
Skillfully and strategically quote, paraphrase, or summarize text, ideas, or other information taken from print or electronic sources.
To support a research topic, follow a standard format and use appropriate technology to embed text graphics, including a title, an abstract, numbered pages,