Academic Standard

Logic
Initiative: 
Tennessee Diploma Project
Set: 
English Language Arts
Type: 
Standard
Code: 
5
Grade range: 
2
From Guide To Inductive & Deductive Reasoning Induction vs. Deduction October, 2008, by The Critical Thinking Co.™ Staff Logic refers to the systematic study and application of the principles of valid inference and correct reasoning. Logic is the skill of correct thinking and conceptual development. It is the thinking through of similarities, comparisons, and differences in order to induce the correct general conclusions. Studying logic and practicing logical thinking prepares students for the development of reasoning. Logic is often divided into two parts: inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning. The first is associated with drawing general conclusions from specific examples; the second involves drawing logical conclusions from definitions and axioms.Conceptual StrandLogic is the ability to reason soundly, to think critically, to argue persuasively, and to infer appropriately in order to function successfully in society. Guiding QuestionHow is the ability to reason soundly, to think critically, to argue persuasively, and to infer appropriately necessary to function successfully in school and the workplace?
 
Elements within this Standard
 
Grade Level Expectation
Continue to develop the ability to think logically.
Apply logic in a variety of ways.
Make inferences and draw appropriate conclusions.
Check For Understanding
Distinguish between fact and opinion.
Given a sequence of events, choose an appropriate conclusion from a list of possibilities.
Identify cause/effect relationships.
Compare and contrast information and ideas.
Apply sequential reasoning to a variety of written and oral contexts.