Academic Standard

Tennessee Diploma Project
English Language Arts
Grade range: 
From Guide To Inductive & Deductive Reasoning Induction vs. Deduction October, 2008, by The Critical Thinking Co.™ Staff Logic refers to the systematic study and application of the principles of valid inference and correct reasoning. Logic is the skill of correct thinking and conceptual development. It is the thinking through of similarities, comparisons, and differences in order to induce the correct general conclusions. Studying logic and practicing logical thinking prepares students for the development of reasoning. Logic is often divided into two parts: inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning. The first is associated with drawing general conclusions from specific examples; the second involves drawing logical conclusions from definitions and axioms.Conceptual StrandLogic is the ability to reason soundly, to think critically, to argue persuasively, and to infer appropriately in order to function successfully in society. Guiding QuestionHow is the ability to reason soundly, to think critically, to argue persuasively, and to infer appropriately necessary to function successfully in school and the workplace?
Elements within this Standard
Grade Level Expectation
Develop logic skills to enhance thoughtful reasoning and to facilitate learning.
Use learned logic skills to make inferences and draw conclusions in a variety of oral and written contexts.
Apply learned logic skills to selections read, as well as to classroom situations.
Check For Understanding
Distinguish fact from opinion.
Distinguish cause from effect.
Compare and contrast two characters, ideas, or stories.
Draw inferences and adjust predictions during reading.
Draw conclusions based on evidence acquired during reading.
Indicate the sequence of events in text.
State Performance Indicator
Draw appropriate inferences and conclusions from text.
Distinguish between fact and opinion within text.
Identify stated cause/effect relationships in text.
Determine sequence of events in text.