Tennessee Diploma Project
English Language Arts
From Guide To Inductive & Deductive Reasoning Induction vs. Deduction October, 2008, by The Critical Thinking Co.™ Staff Logic refers to the systematic study and application of the principles of valid inference and correct reasoning. Logic is the skill of correct thinking and conceptual development. It is the thinking through of similarities, comparisons, and differences in order to induce the correct general conclusions. Studying logic and practicing logical thinking prepares students for the development of reasoning. Logic is often divided into two parts: inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning. The first is associated with drawing general conclusions from specific examples; the second involves drawing logical conclusions from definitions and axioms.Conceptual StrandLogic is the ability to reason soundly, to think critically, to argue persuasively, and to infer appropriately in order to function successfully in society. Guiding QuestionHow is the ability to reason soundly, to think critically, to argue persuasively, and to infer appropriately necessary to function successfully in school and the workplace?
Grade Level Expectation
Continue to develop logic skills to facilitate learning and to enhance thoughtful reasoning.
Use logic to make inferences and draw conclusions in a variety of oral and written contexts.
Apply logic skills to classroom situations and to selections read.
Check For Understanding
Distinguish between fact/opinion and cause/effect.
Make inferences and draw conclusions while reading, viewing, or listening to print and non-print media.
Make and adjust predictions while reading, viewing, or listening to print and non-print media.
Determine the problem in a story, discover its solution, and consider logical alternate solutions.
Complete word analogies employing synonyms and antonyms.
State Performance Indicator
Locate information to support opinions, predictions, and conclusions.
Recognize cause/effect relationships within context.
Distinguish between fact/opinion and reality/fantasy.
Choose a logical word to complete an analogy using synonyms and antonyms.
Make inferences and draw appropriate conclusions from text.
Indicate the sequence of events in text.