Tennessee Diploma Project
English Language Arts
From Guide To Inductive & Deductive Reasoning Induction vs. Deduction October, 2008, by The Critical Thinking Co.™ Staff Logic refers to the systematic study and application of the principles of valid inference and correct reasoning. Logic is the skill of correct thinking and conceptual development. It is the thinking through of similarities, comparisons, and differences in order to induce the correct general conclusions. Studying logic and practicing logical thinking prepares students for the development of reasoning. Logic is often divided into two parts: inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning. The first is associated with drawing general conclusions from specific examples; the second involves drawing logical conclusions from definitions and axioms.Conceptual StrandLogic is the ability to reason soundly, to think critically, to argue persuasively, and to infer appropriately in order to function successfully in society. Guiding QuestionHow is the ability to reason soundly, to think critically, to argue persuasively, and to infer appropriately necessary to function successfully in school and the workplace?
Grade Level Expectation
Use logic to make inferences and draw conclusions in a variety of oral and written contexts.
Analyze text for fact-opinion, cause-effect, inferences, evidence, and conclusions.
Explore deductive and inductive reasoning.
Analyze written and oral communication for persuasive devices.
Check For Understanding
Make logical predictions of future events in text.
Identify sequence of events in text.
Construct and complete analogies using synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, categories, subcategories, whole/part, and functions.
Identify and analyze stated or implied cause/effect relationships in text.
Determine simple criteria for recognizing factual claim and opinion (e.g., scientific method, provability, quality of evidence, sources).
Determine the relevance and quality of evidence given to support or oppose an argument.
Compare and contrast evidence and conclusions between two or more arguments on the same topic.
Define deductive and inductive reasoning.
Identify examples of deductive and inductive reasoning in text.
Identify and analyze the persuasive devices used in written and oral communication (e.g., bandwagon, loaded terms, testimonial, name-calling).
State Performance Indicator
Predict future events of a given text.
Determine whether a given statement in text is fact or opinion.
Identify stated or implied cause/effect relationships.
Identify examples of persuasive devices (i.e., bandwagon, loaded terms, testimonial, name-calling).
Specify a logical word choice to complete an analogy using synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, categories, subcategories, whole/part, and functions.
Indicate the sequence of events in text.
Make inferences and draw conclusions based on evidence in text.