Academic Standard

Informational Text
Tennessee Diploma Project
English Language Arts
Grade range: 
In the Information Age the importance of being able to read and write informational texts critically and well cannot be overstated. Informational literacy is central to success, and even survival, in schooling, the workplace, and the community. - Nell Duke, Michigan State University Informational text is designed to convey factual information rather than tell or advance a narrative. Informational texts contain ideas, facts, and principles related to the physical, biological, or social world. They may take many different forms: picture books, photo essays, chapter books, articles and essays, letters, diaries and journals, observational notes, factual references (almanacs, books of statistics, books of world records), brochures, manuals, and text books. Informational text may employ techniques such as lists, comparing/contrasting, or demonstrating cause/effect, and may be accompanied by graphs or charts.Conceptual StrandThe world is filled with a variety of informational texts; learners must have a comprehensive set of skills for effective interpretation of this type of text.Guiding QuestionWhy is it important for learners to have a comprehensive set of skills for interpreting a variety of texts?
Elements within this Standard
Grade Level Expectation
Apply appropriate reading strategies to comprehend informational texts.
Recognize the different features of informational texts (e.g., separate text boxes, diagrams, captions, charts, graphs).
Check For Understanding
Develop and use pre-reading strategies (e.g., identify a purpose for reading {for information, for enjoyment, for understanding a writers position}, make
Demonstrate strategies for determining meaning while reading (e.g., formulate clarifying questions, predict outcomes, create a mental image).
Check for understanding after reading (e.g., draw conclusions based on evidence gained while reading).
Identify the main idea and supporting details in text.
Distinguish between fiction and nonfiction.
Use text features to locate information (e.g., charts, tables of contents, maps and legends, illustrations).
Follow multi-tasked instructions in informational and technical texts (e.g., follow a recipe, complete assembly instructions).
State Performance Indicator
Select questions used to focus and clarify thinking before, during, and after reading text.
Identify the stated main idea in a reading selection.
Indicate which illustration or graphic best supports a particular text.
Locate information using available text features (e.g., charts, maps, graphics).
Recognize the parts of a book (e.g., glossary, table of contents).
From a list of statements, locate the factual statements from the fictional ones.
Arrange a set of instructions in a sequential, step-by-step order.