Academic Standard

Tennessee Diploma Project
English Language Arts
Grade range: 
Literature is a term used to describe written or spoken material. Broadly speaking, "literature" is used to describe anything from creative writing to more technical or scientific works, but the term is most commonly used to refer to works of the creative imagination, including works of poetry, drama, fiction, and nonfiction.Conceptual StrandStudents will become educated members of society by gaining knowledge of themselves and others through the study of literature, thus becoming critical readers and lifelong learners. Guiding QuestionHow does the knowledge gained through the study of literature enable students to become critical readers and lifelong learners?
Elements within this Standard
Grade Level Expectation
Read and comprehend a variety of works from various forms of literature.
Understand the characteristics of various literary genres (e.g., poetry, novel, biography, short story, essay, drama).
Recognize the conventions of various literary genres.
Analyze works of literature for what is suggested about the historical period in which they were written.
Identify and analyze common literary terms (e.g., personification, conflict, theme).
Check For Understanding
Use previously learned strategies to comprehend informational texts (e.g., formulate questions before, during, and after reading; visualize, predict, identify
Sequence and identify the plots main events, their causes, and the influence of each event on future actions in texts.
Identify plot development techniques (e.g., foreshadowing and flashbacks) and explain their function in the text.
Identify and describe character (major/minor, antagonists/protagonists) features and relationships in literary texts.
Explore the concept of moral dilemma (as revealed by character motivation and behavior).
Differentiate between internal and external conflict.
Identify the kind(s) of conflict (e.g., person vs. person, person vs. self, person vs. environment, person vs. technology) present in literary plots.
Identify the plot element of exposition (i.e., introduction of characters, setting, and conflict) in literary texts.
Identify and analyze the setting (location and time) and its impact on plot, character, and theme in literary texts.
Explore how the author reveals character (e.g., what the author tells us, what the characters say about him or her, what the character does, what the character
Identify the narration and point of view (e.g., first person, third person) in literary texts.
Consider how forms and conventions within genres affect meaning (e.g., poetry, drama, essay).
Identify sound devices (e.g., alliteration, onomatopoeia, rhyme scheme) figurative language (e.g., metaphor, simile), and other conventions of verse in poetry
Explain the purpose and use of structural elements particular to dramatic literature (e.g., scenes, acts, cast of characters, stage directions) in plays that
Identify and explain the stated or implied theme of a literary text.
Identify and explain the development of similar themes across two or more literary texts.
Identify the historical period in which a literary text was written and explain the text in light of this understanding.
Determine the appropriate meaning of figurative words and phrases (e.g., idioms, metaphors, similes) in passages.
State Performance Indicator
Distinguish among various literary genres (e.g., fiction, drama, nonfiction, poetry).
Identify the setting and conflict of a passage.
Determine the main ideas of plots, their causes, how they influence future actions, and how they are resolved.
Identify and describe character (major/minor, antagonists/protagonists) features and relationships in literary texts.
Identify the kind(s) of conflict present in a literary plot (i.e., person vs. person, person vs. self, person vs. environment, person vs. technology).
Identify the stated or implied theme of a literary text.
Analyze figurative language (i.e., hyperbole, simile, metaphor, personification,) within context.
Identify examples of sound devices (i.e., accent, alliteration, onomatopoeia, rhyme, and repetition).
Identify patterns of rhyme and rhythm.
Determine the authors purpose for writing.