Academic Standard

Tennessee Diploma Project
English Language Arts
Grade range: 
9 to 12
Literature is a term used to describe written or spoken material. Broadly speaking, "literature" is used to describe anything from creative writing to more technical or scientific works, but the term is most commonly used to refer to works of the creative imagination, including works of poetry, drama, fiction, and nonfiction.Conceptual StrandStudents will become educated members of society by gaining knowledge of themselves and others through the study of literature, thus becoming critical readers and lifelong learners. Guiding QuestionHow does the knowledge gained through the study of literature enable students to become critical readers and lifelong learners?
Elements within this Standard
Course Level Expectation
Demonstrate knowledge of significant works of world literature.
Understand the characteristics of various literary genres (e.g., poetry, novel, biography, short story, essay, drama).
Recognize the conventions of various literary genres and understand how they articulate the writers vision.
Analyze works of literature for what is suggested about the historical period in which they were written.
Know and use appropriate literary terms to derive meaning from various literary genres.
Check For Understanding
Analyze the setting, plot, theme, characterization, and narration of classic and contemporary short stories and novels.
Demonstrate understanding of non-linear plot progressions.
Analyze how plot elements (e.g., exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution/denouement) function and advance action.
Analyze the role and function of characters (major/minor, protagonists/antagonists) and determine ways in which the author reveals those characters (e.g., what
Analyze the moral dilemmas in works of literature, as revealed by character motivation and behavior.
Identify ways that the plot shapes the character and the presentation of moral dilemmas in texts.
Identify how setting and changes in setting can affect the literary elements (e.g., plot, character, theme, tone) in texts.
Analyze the narration and point of view in increasingly complex texts in which the narrator and point of view shift, with multiple characters acting as narrators.
Explain the impact of the authors choice of a particular point of view (e.g., first person, third-person objective, third-person limited, third-person omniscient).
Demonstrate understanding that form relates to meaning (e.g., compare a poem, an essay, and a novel on the same theme or topic).
Recognize and identify the characteristics of lyric poetry, blank verse, free verse, epic, sonnet, dramatic poetry, and ballad.
Identify, analyze, and evaluate the effect and use of metrics (especially iambic pentameter), rhyme scheme (e.g., end, internal, slant, eye), rhythm,
Identify and analyze elements of literary drama (e.g., dramatic irony, dialogue, soliloquy, monologue, aside).
Identify, analyze, and evaluate the development of the theme(s) of a literary text.
Identify, analyze, and evaluate the development of similar or contrasting themes across two or more literary texts of varying complexity.
Analyze literary texts to identify the authors attitudes, viewpoints, and beliefs and to compare these to the larger historical context of the texts.
Identify and analyze the use of literary elements such as allegory, paradox, satire, and foreshadowing.
Comprehend and use figurative language (e.g., idioms, metaphors, similes, personification, hyperbole, pun).
Identify and analyze biblical, classical, cultural, historical, and literary allusions.
State Performance Indicator
Identify and analyze examples of idiom, metaphor, simile, personification, hyperbole, or pun in poetry or prose.
Differentiate among verbal, situational, and dramatic irony.
Identify and analyze an authors point of view (i.e., first person, third-person objective, third-person limited, third-person omniscient).
Identify and analyze how the author reveals character (i.e., what the author tells us, what the other characters say about him or her, what the character does,
Determine the significance/meaning of a symbol in poetry or prose.
Identify and analyze standard literary elements (i.e., allegory, paradox, parody, foreshadowing, flashback).
Differentiate between mood and tone in poetry or prose.
Determine the impact of setting on literary elements (i.e., plot, character, theme, tone).
Identify the common stated or implied theme in a series of passages.
Demonstrate knowledge of sound and metric devices (i.e., rhyme {internal, slant}, rhythm, repetition, alliteration, onomatopoeia).
Demonstrate knowledge of the characteristics of lyric poetry, epics, sonnets, dramatic poetry, and ballads.
Identify the elements of drama (i.e., stage directions, dialogue, soliloquy, monologue, aside).
Locate words or phrases in a passage that provide historical or cultural cues.
Identify classical, historical, and literary allusions in context.
Identify and analyze basic elements of plot (i.e., exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution/denouement).
Analyze how form relates to meaning (e.g., compare a poem and a newspaper article on the same theme or topic).