Academic Standard: Subject

The Civil War and Reconstruction (1860-1877)
Tennessee State Standards
Social Studies (2014-2019)
Grade range: 

<p><strong>Primary Documents and Supporting Texts to Read:</strong> The Gettysburg Address, Abraham Lincoln; the Emancipation Proclamation; Second Inaugural Address, Abraham Lincoln; the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution; the Retrospective in Co. Aytch, Sam Watkins</p>

Understand the causes, course, and consequences of the Civil War, and explain the successes and failures of Reconstruction.

Elements within this Subject
Evaluate each candidate in the campaign of 1860 and analyze how that campaign reflected the sectional turmoil of the country.
Explain with supporting details why Tennessee was divided on the issue of secession and the events that led it to eventually leave the Union to include: state convention
Determine the meaning of the terms of this period with a visual representation, including:
Analyze the geographic, social, political, and economic strengths and weakness of the North and South.
Identify the Border States and the efforts of both sides to secure them to their cause.
Create a visual display to explain the Union's Anaconda Plan for defeating the Confederacy and how the geography of the South formed the Eastern, Western, and
Explain the significance and outcome of the major battles and identify their location on a map or visual representation, including:
Draw on informational text to explain the roles of the military and civil leaders during the Civil War, including:
Read and write an informative piece summarizing the Gettysburg Address to determine its meaning and significance.
Use concrete words, phrases, and sensory details to describe the experience of the war on the battlefield and home front.
Explain the contributions of Tennesseans during the war, including:
Evaluate and debate the rationales for the Emancipation Proclamation.
Explain why Lincoln chose Andrew Johnson as his running mate in the election of 1864.
Describe the physical, social, political and economic consequences of the Civil War on the southern United States.
Draw on information from multiple print or digital resources to describe the impact of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln on the nation.
Analyze the goals and accomplishments of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments, Freedmen's Bureau, and Fisk University to help former slaves begin a new life.
Compare and contrast the different Reconstruction plans of Lincoln, Johnson, and Congress.
Integrate information from several texts about the intent and failure of the impeachment of Andrew Johnson.
Analyze why the Radical Republicans turned to military Reconstruction and the backlash resulting in the rise of the Ku Klux Klan, black codes, and vigilante justice.
Explain the impact of the Tennessee Constitutional Convention of 1870, including poll taxes, segregation, and funds for public education.
Explain the compromise that ended Reconstruction with the election of Rutherford B. Hayes.
Describe the impact of yellow fever during the 1870s; why it was particularly deadly in West Tennessee and the election of African Americans to the General Assembly.