Academic standards progression

Cornerstone:

Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills when encoding words; write legibly.
 

Grade(s)
Code
Standard Text
 
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills when encoding words; write legibly.
  1. Write uppercase and lowercase manuscript letters from memory.
  2. Write a letter/letters for most consonant and short vowel sounds (phonemes).
  3. Represent phonemes first to last in simple words using letters (graphemes) such as rop for rope.
  4. Spell VC (at, in) and CVC (pet, mud) words with short vowels; spell V (a, I) and CV (be, go) words with long vowels.
  5. Identify the letters used to represent vowel phonemes and those used to represent consonants; know that every syllable has a vowel.
  6. Write some common, frequently used words (am, and, like, the).
  7. Print many upper and lowercase letters.
 
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills when encoding words; write legibly.
  1. Use conventional spelling for one-syllable words with common consonant spelling patterns, including consonant diagraphs, double letters, and initial and...
  2. Use conventional spelling for one-syllable words with common vowel spelling patterns including VCVe, common vowel teams, final -y, and r-controlled vowels.
  3. Spell words with inflectional endings.
  4. Spell two-syllable words that end in -y or -ly, are compounds, or have two closed syllables.
  5. Spell untaught words phonetically, drawing on phonemic awareness and spelling conventions.
  6. Write many common, frequently used words and some irregular words.
  7. Print all upper and lowercase letters.
 
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills when encoding words; write legibly.
  1. Use conventional spelling for one-syllable words including position-based patterns, complex consonant blends, less common vowel teams for long vowels,...
  2. Use conventional spelling for regular two- and three-syllable words containing combined syllable types, compounds, and common prefixes and derivational...
  3. Spell words with suffixes that require consonant doubling, dropping silent -e, and changing y to i.
  4. Write most common, frequently used words and most irregular words.
  5. Consult reference materials, including beginning dictionaries, to check and correct spelling.
  6. Print legibly in manuscript; write many upper and lowercase letters in cursive.
 
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills when encoding words; write legibly.
  1. Use spelling patterns and generalizations in writing one-, two-, and three-syllable words.
  2. Use conventional spelling for high frequency words, including irregular words.
  3. Consult reference materials, including a dictionary and thesaurus, as needed to check and correct spellings.
  4. Write legibly in manuscript; write all lower and uppercase cursive letters.
 
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills when encoding words; write legibly.
  1. Spell grade-appropriate words correctly consulting references as needed.
  2. Write legibly in manuscript and cursive.
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills when encoding words; write legibly.
  1. Spell grade-appropriate words correctly consulting references as needed.
  2. Write legibly in manuscript and cursive.