Academic standards progression

Cornerstone:

Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.
 

Grade(s)
Code
Standard Text
 
With prompting and support, use a combination of drawing, dictating, and/or writing to compose opinion pieces.
 
 
With prompting and support, write opinion pieces introducing the topic or text, stating an opinion, supplying a reason for the opinion, and providing some sense of closure.
 
 
Write opinion pieces on topics or texts.
  1. Introduce topic or text.
  2. State an opinion.
  3. Supply reasons to support the opinion.
  4. Use linking words to connect the reasons to the opinion.
  5. Provide a concluding statement or section.
Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons.
  1. Introduce a topic or text.
  2. Develop an opinion with reasons that support the opinion.
  3. Create an organizational structure that lists supporting reasons.
  4. Provide a concluding statement or section.
  5. Use linking words and phrases to connect opinion and reasons.
  6. Apply language standards addressed in the Foundational Literacy standards.
 
Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
  1. Introduce a topic or text.
  2. Develop an opinion with reasons that are supported by facts and details.
  3. Create an organizational structure in which related ideas are grouped to support the writer's purpose.
  4. Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.
  5. Link opinion and reasons using words and phrases.
  6. Apply language standards addressed in the Foundational Literacy standards.
Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
  1. Introduce a topic or text.
  2. Develop an opinion through logically-ordered reasons that are supported by facts and details.
  3. Create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer's purpose.
  4. Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.
  5. Link opinion and reasons using words, phrases, and clauses.
  6. Apply language standards addressed in the Foundational Literacy standards.
Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
  1. Introduce claim(s).
  2. Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant, sufficient evidence; acknowledge alternate or opposing claim(s).
  3. Organize the reasons and evidence clearly and clarify the relationships among claim(s) and reasons.
  4. Use credible sources and demonstrate an understanding of the topic or source material.
  5. Craft an effective and relevant conclusion that supports the argument presented.
  6. Use precise language and content-specific vocabulary.
  7. Use appropriate transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.
  8. Use varied sentence structure to enhance meaning and reader interest.
  9. Establish and maintain a formal style.
 
Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
  1. Introduce claim(s).
  2. Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant, sufficient evidence; acknowledge alternate or opposing claim(s).
  3. Organize the reasons and evidence clearly and clarify the relationships among claim(s) and reasons.
  4. Use credible sources and demonstrate an understanding of the topic or source material.
  5. Craft an effective and relevant conclusion that supports the argument presented.
  6. Use precise language and content-specific vocabulary.
  7. Use appropriate transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.
  8. Use varied sentence structure to enhance meaning and reader interest.
  9. Establish and maintain a formal style.
 
Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
  1. Introduce claim(s).
  2. Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant, sufficient evidence; acknowledge and refute alternate or opposing claim(s).
  3. Organize the reasons and evidence clearly and clarify the relationships among claim (s) and reasons.
  4. Use credible sources and demonstrate an understanding of the topic or source material.
  5. Craft an effective and relevant conclusion that supports the argument presented.
  6. Use precise language and content-specific vocabulary.
  7. Use appropriate transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.
  8. Use varied sentence structure to enhance meaning and reader interest.
  9. Establish and maintain a formal style.
Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning supported by relevant and sufficient evidence.
  1. Introduce precise claim(s).
  2. Develop claim(s) and counterclaim(s) fairly, supplying evidence for each claim and counterclaim while pointing out the strengths and limitations of both...
  3. Create an organization that establishes cohesion and clear relationships among claim(s), counterclaim(s), reasons, and evidence.
  4. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented.
  5. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to manage the complexity of the topic.
  6. Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone.
Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning supported by relevant and sufficient evidence.
  1. Introduce precise claim(s).
  2. Develop claim(s) and counterclaim(s) fairly, supplying evidence for each claim and counterclaim while pointing out the strengths and limitations of...
  3. Create an organization that establishes cohesion and clear relationships among claim(s), counterclaim(s), reasons, and evidence.
  4. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented.
  5. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to manage the complexity of the topic.
  6. Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone.