Academic standards list

Scientific and Engineering Practices — Tennessee State Standards: Science

The science and engineering practices are used as a means to learn science by doing science, thus combining knowledge with skill. The goal is to allow students to discover how scientific knowledge is produced and how engineering solutions are developed. These are not to be taught in isolation or as a separate unit, but are embedded throughout the language of the standards.
 
Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering)
Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering) to determine what is known, what has yet to be satisfactorily explained, and what problems need to be solved.
 
 
Developing and using models
Developing and using models to develop explanations for phenomena, to go beyond the observable and make predictions or to test designs.
 
 
Planning and carrying out controlled investigations
Planning and carrying out controlled investigations to collect data that is used to test existing theories and explanations, revise and develop new theories and explanations, or assess the effectiveness, efficiency, and durability of designs under various conditions.
 
 
Analyzing and interpreting data
Analyzing and interpreting data with appropriate data presentation (graph, table, statistics, etc.), identifying sources of error and the degree of certainty. Data analysis is used to derive meaning or evaluate solutions.
 
 
Using mathematics and computational thinking
Using mathematics and computational thinking as tools to represent variables and their relationships in models, simulations, and data analysis in order to make and test predictions.
 
 
Constructing explanations and designing solutions
Constructing explanations and designing solutions to explain phenomena or solve problems.
 
 
Engaging in argument from evidence
Engaging in argument from evidence to identify strengths and weaknesses in a line of reasoning, to identify best explanations, to resolve problems, and to identify best solutions.
 
 
Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information from scientific texts in order to derive meaning, evaluate validity, and integrate information.