# Academic standards list

### Mathematics - Grade 8 — Mathematics

### Introduction

Academic standards define the expectations for knowledge and skills that students are to learn in a subject by a certain age or at the end of a school grade level. This page contains a list of standards for a specific content area, grade level, and/or course. The list of standards may be structured using categories and sub-categories.

### Mathematical Processes

Conceptual StrandThe Mathematical Process Standards are embedded in the content standards to reap the learning benefits gained from attention to them. These standards exemplify best teaching practices in mathematical instruction and mirror the NCTM Process Standards as well as the Common Core Mathematical Practices.Guiding QuestionWhat is the role of the mathematical processes standards in formative instruction?

Grade Level Expectation

Use mathematical language, symbols, and definitions while developing mathematical reasoning.

Apply and adapt a variety of appropriate strategies to problem solving, including estimation, and reasonableness of the solution.

Develop independent reasoning to communicate mathematical ideas and derive algorithms and/or formulas.

Move flexibly between concrete and abstract representations of mathematical ideas in order to solve problems, model mathematical ideas, and communicate solution…

Use mathematical ideas and processes in different settings to formulate patterns, analyze graphs, set up and solve problems and interpret solutions.

Read and interpret the language of mathematics and use written/oral communication to express mathematical ideas precisely.

Recognize the historical development of mathematics, mathematics in context, and the connections between mathematics and the real world.

Use technologies/manipulatives appropriately to develop understanding of mathematical algorithms, to facilitate problem solving, and to create accurate and…

State Performance Indicator

### Number and Operations

Conceptual StrandThe Number and Operations Standard describes deep and fundamental understanding of, and proficiency with, counting, numbers, and arithmetic, as well as an understanding of number systems and their structures.Guiding QuestionHow do students develop number sense that allows them to naturally decompose numbers, use particular numbers as referents, solve problems using the relationships among operations and knowledge about the base-ten system, estimate a reasonable result for a problem, and have a disposition to make sense of numbers, problems, and results?

Grade Level Expectation

Extend understanding of the real number system to include irrational numbers.

Solve problems involving exponents and scientific notation using technology appropriately.

State Performance Indicator

### Algebra

Conceptual StrandThe Algebra Standard emphasizes relationships among quantities, including functions, patterns, ways of representing mathematical relationships, and the analysis of change.Guiding QuestionHow does algebra encompass the relationships among quantities, the use of symbols, the modeling of phenomena, and the mathematical study of change?

Grade Level Expectation

Represent, analyze, and solve problems involving linear equations and inequalities in one and two variables.

Translate among verbal, tabular, graphical and algebraic representations of linear functions.

State Performance Indicator

Determine the slope of a line from an equation, two given points, a table or a graph.

### Geometry and Measurement

Conceptual StrandGeometry studies geometric shapes and structures and their characteristics and relationships. Understanding what a measurable attribute is and becoming familiar with the units and processes that are used in measuring attributes
are the major emphasis of this standard.Guiding QuestionHow can students make and explore conjectures about geometry and reason carefully about geometric ideas while expanding their understanding of precision in measurement?

Grade Level Expectation

Understand the relationships among the angles formed by parallel lines cut by transversals.

Use visualization to describe or identify intersections, cross-sections, and various views of geometric figures.

State Performance Indicator

Apply the Pythagorean theorem to find distances between points in the coordinate plane to measure lengths and analyze polygons and polyhedra.

Convert between and within the U.S. Customary System and the metric system.

### Data, Probability and Statistics

Conceptual StrandThe Data Analysis and Probability Standard recommends that students formulate questions that can be answered using data and addresses what is involved in gathering and using the data wisely. The basic concepts and applications of probability are also addressed, with an emphasis on the way that probability and statistics are related.Guiding QuestionHow do students experiences with the collection and analysis of data enable them to reason statistically and understand the various purposes of surveys, observational studies, and experiments?

Grade Level Expectation

Select, create, and use appropriate graphical representations of data (including scatterplots with lines of best fit) to make and test conjectures.

State Performance Indicator

Calculate probabilities of events for simple experiments with equally probable outcomes.

Use a variety of methods to compute probabilities for compound events (e.g., multiplication, organized lists, tree diagrams, area models).

Generalize the relationship between two sets of data using scatterplots and lines of best fit.

**This website provides a reference tool for browsing academic standards and locating associated resources. We are not the originator of these academic standards. Although we strive to maintain accuracy, there may be revisions, updates, or errors within the text and structure of the information displayed. In case of any discrepancy, please respect the originator's published version (http://www.tn.gov/education/article/mathematics-standards) as the definitive record.**

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