Academic standards list

3rd Grade — Mathematics

Introduction

Academic standards define the expectations for knowledge and skills that students are to learn in a subject by a certain age or at the end of a school grade level. This page contains a list of standards for a specific content area, grade level, and/or course. The list of standards may be structured using categories and sub-categories.

Operations & Algebraic Thinking

CCSS.Math.Content.3.OA
 
Represent and solve problems involving multiplication and division.
Interpret products of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 5 x 7 as the total number of objects in 5 groups of 7 objects each. For example, describe a
Interpret whole-number quotients of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 56 / 8 as the number of objects in each share when 56 objects are partitioned
Use multiplication and division within 100 to solve word problems in situations involving equal groups, arrays, and measurement quantities, e.g.,
Determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication or division equation relating three whole numbers. For example, determine the unknown number
Understand properties of multiplication and the relationship between multiplication and division.
Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide.2 Examples: If 6 x 4 = 24 is known, then 4 x 6 = 24 is also known. (Commutative
Understand division as an unknown-factor problem. For example, find 32 / 8 by finding the number that makes 32 when multiplied by 8.
Multiply and divide within 100.
Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 x 5 =
Solve problems involving the four operations, and identify and explain patterns in arithmetic.
Solve two-step word problems using the four operations. Represent these problems using equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity.
 
Identify arithmetic patterns (including patterns in the addition table or multiplication table), and explain them using properties of operations.

Number & Operations in Base Ten

CCSS.Math.Content.3.NBT
 
Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic.
Use place value understanding to round whole numbers to the nearest 10 or 100.
 
Fluently add and subtract within 1000 using strategies and algorithms based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship
Multiply one-digit whole numbers by multiples of 10 in the range 10-90 (e.g., 9 x 80, 5 x 60) using strategies based on place value and properties
 

Number & Operations - Fractions

CCSS.Math.Content.3.NF
 
Develop understanding of fractions as numbers.
Understand a fraction 1/b as the quantity formed by 1 part when a whole is partitioned into b equal parts; understand a fraction a/b as the
Understand a fraction as a number on the number line; represent fractions on a number line diagram.
     There are 2 components within this standard.
Explain equivalence of fractions in special cases, and compare fractions by reasoning about their size.
     There are 4 components within this standard.

Measurement & Data

CCSS.Math.Content.3.MD
 
Solve problems involving measurement and estimation of intervals of time, liquid volumes, and masses of objects.
Tell and write time to the nearest minute and measure time intervals in minutes. Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of time
 
Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l).1 Add, subtract,
 
Represent and interpret data.
Draw a scaled picture graph and a scaled bar graph to represent a data set with several categories. Solve one- and two-step "how many more" and
Generate measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Show the data by making a line plot, where
Geometric measurement: understand concepts of area and relate area to multiplication and to addition.
Recognize area as an attribute of plane figures and understand concepts of area measurement.
     There are 2 components within this standard.
Measure areas by counting unit squares (square cm, square m, square in, square ft, and improvised units).
 
Relate area to the operations of multiplication and addition.
     There are 4 components within this standard.
Geometric measurement: recognize perimeter as an attribute of plane figures and distinguish between linear and area measures.
Solve real world and mathematical problems involving perimeters of polygons, including finding the perimeter given the side lengths, finding an
 

Geometry

CCSS.Math.Content.3.G
 
Reason with shapes and their attributes.
Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that
 
Partition shapes into parts with equal areas. Express the area of each part as a unit fraction of the whole. For example, partition a shape into 4
 
 
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