Academic standards list

Grade 2 — English Language Arts & Literacy

Introduction

Academic standards define the expectations for knowledge and skills that students are to learn in a subject by a certain age or at the end of a school grade level. This page contains a list of standards for a specific content area, grade level, and/or course. The list of standards may be structured using categories and sub-categories.

Reading: Literature

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL
 
Key Ideas and Details
Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.
Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral.
 
Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges.
 
Craft and Structure
Describe how words and phrases (e.g., regular beats, alliteration, rhymes, repeated lines) supply rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song.
 
Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginning introduces the story and the ending concludes the action.
 
Acknowledge differences in the points of view of characters, including by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud.
 
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot.
 
(RL.2.8 not applicable to literature)
 
Compare and contrast two or more versions of the same story (e.g., Cinderella stories) by different authors or from different cultures.
 
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories and poetry, in the grades 2-3 text complexity band proficiently, with

Reading: Informational Text

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI
 
Key Ideas and Details
Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.
Identify the main topic of a multiparagraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.
Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text.
Craft and Structure
Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.
Know and use various text features (e.g., captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or
Identify the main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe.
 
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
Explain how specific images (e.g., a diagram showing how a machine works) contribute to and clarify a text.
 
Describe how reasons support specific points the author makes in a text.
Compare and contrast the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic.
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 2-3 text

Reading: Foundational Skills

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF
 
Phonics and Word Recognition
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
     There are 6 components within this standard.
Fluency
Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
     There are 3 components within this standard.

Writing

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W
 
Text Types and Purposes
Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply reasons that support the opinion, use
Write informative/explanatory texts in which they introduce a topic, use facts and definitions to develop points, and provide a concluding statement
Write narratives in which they recount a well-elaborated event or short sequence of events, include details to describe actions, thoughts, and
 
Production and Distribution of Writing
(W.2.4 begins in grade 3)
 
With guidance and support from adults and peers, focus on a topic and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing.
With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers.
 
Research to Build and Present Knowledge
Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., read a number of books on a single topic to produce a report; record science observations).
Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.
(W.2.9 begins in grade 4)
 
Range of Writing
(W.2.10 begins in grade 3)
 

Speaking & Listening

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL
 
Comprehension and Collaboration
Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 2 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.
     There are 3 components within this standard.
Recount or describe key ideas or details from a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media.
Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to clarify comprehension, gather additional information, or deepen understanding of a
Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas
Tell a story or recount an experience with appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details, speaking audibly in coherent sentences.
 
Create audio recordings of stories or poems; add drawings or other visual displays to stories or recounts of experiences when appropriate to clarify
 
Produce complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation in order to provide requested detail or clarification. (See grade 2 Language
 

Language

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L
 
Conventions of Standard English
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
     There are 6 components within this standard.
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
     There are 5 components within this standard.
Knowledge of Language
Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
     There are 1 components within this standard.
 
Vocabulary Acquisition and Use
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 2 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an
     There are 5 components within this standard.
Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
     There are 2 components within this standard.
 
Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts, including using adjectives and adverbs to
 
Disclaimer: This website provides a reference tool for browsing academic standards and locating associated resources. We are not the originator of these academic standards. Although we strive to maintain accuracy, there may be revisions, updates, or errors within the text and structure of the information displayed. In case of any discrepancy, please respect the originator's published version (http://www.corestandards/ELA-Literacy) as the definitive record.