Author's Purpose 2nd Grade Unit

This is a three-lesson unit on Author’s purpose, designed for second grade. Each lesson focuses on one of three purposes: to entertain, to inform, or to persuade.  Lesson one (entertain) is based on The Adventures of Taxi Dog, by Sal Barracca. Lesson 2 (inform) is based on the nonfiction book Apples, by Gail Gibbons. Lesson three (persuade) includes 2 downloadable and printable nonfiction texts. The Adventures of Taxi Dog, by Sal Barracca.  These lessons emphasize the use of text evidence to draw conclusions about the author's purpose. In order to access some lesson materials you will need to register with this site, but registration is free.

Standards & Objectives

Academic standards
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.4.4
Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.5.4
Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.10
By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 4-5 text...
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.10
By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of...
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.3
Explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text...
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.4.10
By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, in the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently,...
GLE 0201.5.3
Make inferences and draw appropriate conclusions.
GLE 0401.1.2
Demonstrate knowledge of strategies and resources to determine the definition, pronunciation, and usage of words and phrases.
GLE 0401.6.1
Apply skills and strategies to comprehend informational texts.
GLE 0401.8.1
Use active comprehension strategies to derive meaning while reading and check for understanding after reading.
GLE 0501.1.2
Demonstrate knowledge of strategies and resources to determine the definition, pronunciation, and usage of words and phrases.
GLE 0501.6.1
Apply appropriate skills and strategies to comprehend informational texts (e.g., pre-reading strategies, comprehension strategies, graphic organizers,...
GLE 0501.8.1
Use previously learned comprehension strategies before, during, and after reading.
GLE 0501.8.2
Experience various literary genres, including fiction and nonfiction, poetry, drama, chapter books, biography/autobiography, short stories, folk tales, myths,...
SPI 0501.5.2
Identify stated or implied cause and effect relationships in text.
TSS.ELA.4.FL.F.5
Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
TSS.ELA.4.RI.RRTC.10
Read and comprehend stories and informational texts throughout the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding at the high end as needed.
TSS.ELA.4.RL.RRTC.10
Read and comprehend stories and poems throughout the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding at the high end as needed.
TSS.ELA.5.FL.F.5
Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
TSS.ELA.5.RI.RRTC.10
Read and comprehend stories and informational texts at the high end of the grades 4-5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
TSS.ELA.5.RL.RRTC.10
Read and comprehend stories and poems at the high end of the grades 4-5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
 
Alignment of this item to academic standards is based on recommendations from content creators, resource curators, and visitors to this website. It is the responsibility of each educator to verify that the materials are appropriate for your content area, aligned to current academic standards, and will be beneficial to your specific students.
 
Learning objectives: 

Learning Goal:

  • Identify text evidence that shows the author’s purpose is to entertain.
  • Identify text evidence that shows the author’s purpose is to inform.
  • Identify text evidence that shows that the author’s purpose is to persuade.
  • Draw a conclusion about what the author is trying to persuade the reader to do or think.

Lesson Variations

Blooms taxonomy level: 
Understanding
Differentiation suggestions: 

Lesson 1 Tip:

  • Scaffold learning by having students underline text evidence that supports the author’s purpose in the Independent Practice passage.

Lesson 2 Tip:

  • Make a game out of it! For the Guided Practice, students can sort stacks of books into two categories according to their purpose— written to entertain or written to inform. The first group to accurately sort their books into the two categories wins!

 

Helpful Hints

Necessary Materials:

Provided: 

  • Direct Teaching Example Chart
  • “A Lion in the Bedroom” Passage 
  • Independent Practice Worksheet
  • Independent Practice Passage “Bare Bones”
  • “Becoming Expert Readers” Letter
  • “Banning Junk Food” Letter
  • Direct Teaching Example Chart
  • Independent Practice Letter and Worksheet

Not Provided: 

  • The Adventures of Taxi Dog by Debra and Sal Barracca
  • Chart paper
  • Markers
  • Books from classroom library
  • Apples by Gail Gibbons

References

Contributors: