Expanded Form and Place Value

This is a one day lesson to teach place value in expanded form using place value tents and number dice to form numbers up to 10,000.  Students pretend to be doctors operating on a number to expand it. The dice game allows students to work individually to create a standard number. This is a whole group lesson for demonstrating and practing with standard and expanded form. This could also be used for differentiated instruction for struggling students.

Standards & Objectives

Academic standards
Fluently add and subtract within 20 using mental strategies.2 By end of Grade 2, know from memory all sums of two one-digit numbers.
Use place value understanding to round whole numbers to the nearest 10 or 100.
GLE 0306.2.1
Understand the place value of whole numbers to ten-thousands place including expanded notation for all arithmetic operations.
SPI 0306.2.2
Identify the place value of numbers in the ten-thousands, thousands, hundreds, tens, and ones positions.
Fluently add and subtract within 30 using mental strategies. By the end of 2nd grade, know from memory all sums of two one-digit numbers and related...
Round whole numbers to the nearest 10 or 100 using understanding of place value.
Alignment of this item to academic standards is based on recommendations from content creators, resource curators, and visitors to this website. It is the responsibility of each educator to verify that the materials are appropriate for your content area, aligned to current academic standards, and will be beneficial to your specific students.

Lesson Variations

Blooms taxonomy level: 
Extension suggestions: 


  • Use dice to show place value.
  • Students pair up and roll three dice.
  • Write the number, then roll the red or green die and add tens or hundreds.
  • Students can use the Place Value Tents to add the numbers from the dice.
  • Red, white, and green dice:
  • White—ones place
  • Red—tens place
  • Green—hundreds place
  • Folded Place Value Strips students cut strips and write numbers in the empty spaces to exchange hundreds for tens and tens for ones.
  • Have students add a digit (4) to the hundreds place. What number are we adding? (400)
  • What is the difference in adding a 4 to the hundreds place or adding a 4 to the number?

Helpful Hints


  • Anno’s Magic Seeds, by Mitsumasa Anno
  • Place Value Tents (pdf) (made from cardstock)
  • Math journal
  • Pencil
  • Place Value Strips (pdf)
  • Dice—three per two students: red, white, and green