Graph Lesson Plan

This lesson plan is used to show the similarities and differences in various forms of data.  Students will create their own bar graph, pie graph, line graph, tally chart, and/or line plot using data collected from the class. The graphs will be then be used to compare, predict, and draw conclusions about the data.  This lesson also includes a song about the different types of graphs and their uses. This acitivity begins with whole group instruction to review and introduce types of graphs. Students will use one set of data, their favorite restaurant, to create a bar graph, line graph, pie graph, pictograph, a tally table, and/or line plot.The information provided for favorite type of restaurant will not allow the user to create a stem and leaf plot or line graph, not enough information will be given. An adaptation by the teacher will have to be added if they wish to create a stem and leaf plot and line graph. 

Standards & Objectives

Academic standards
CCSS.Math.Content.5.MD.B.2
Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve...
CCSS.Math.Content.5.NBT.B.5
Fluently multiply multi-digit whole numbers using the standard algorithm.
CCSS.Math.Content.5.NF.A.1
Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way...
CCSS.Math.Content.5.NF.A.2
Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators, e.g., by...
CCSS.Math.Content.5.NF.B.4
Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole number by a fraction.
CCSS.Math.Content.5.NF.B.7
Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions.1
GLE 0006.2.3
Recognize, compare and order sets of numerals by using both cardinal and ordinal meanings.
GLE 0006.2.5
Model the numbers 1 through 10 as sums or differences of different sets of whole numbers (composing and decomposing numbers).
GLE 0306.5.1
Organize, display, and analyze data using various representations to solve problems.
GLE 0406.5.1
Collect, record, arrange, present, and interpret data using tables and various representations.
GLE 0506.2.4
Develop fluency with addition and subtraction of proper and improper fractions and mixed numbers; explain and model the algorithm.
GLE 0506.5.1
Make, record, display and interpret data and graphs that include whole numbers, decimals, and fractions.
SPI 0506.1.2
Estimate fraction and decimal sums or differences.
SPI 0506.2.7
Recognize equivalent representations for the same number.
TSS.Math.5.MD.B.2
Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems...
TSS.Math.5.NBT.B.5
Fluently multiply multi-digit whole numbers (up to three-digit by four-digit factors) using appropriate strategies and algorithms.
TSS.Math.5.NF.A.1
Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to...
TSS.Math.5.NF.A.2
Solve contextual problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators. Use benchmark...
TSS.Math.5.NF.B.4
Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction by a whole number or a fraction by a fraction.
TSS.Math.5.NF.B.7
Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions.
 
Alignment of this item to academic standards is based on recommendations from content creators, resource curators, and visitors to this website. It is the responsibility of each educator to verify that the materials are appropriate for your content area, aligned to current academic standards, and will be beneficial to your specific students.
 
Learning objectives: 

Concepts: The different types of graphs and how to use them

Objectives:

The students will:

  •  identify the different types of graphs.
  •  discuss the reason each graph is important.
  • create their own tally chart and graph.

Lesson Variations

Blooms taxonomy level: 
Creating
Differentiation suggestions: 

This could be used as differentiated instruction or an assessment as students are working on their own to create their charts and graphs. From there, students will compare the graphs they have made to discuss similarities and differences. 

Helpful Hints

Some instruction on data needs to take place before this lesson is taught.

Materials:

  • A graphing packet that includes an example of each type of graph (bar, line, circle, picture, stem-and-leaf plot) and a tally chart.
  • Colored paper should also be inside the packet; must have at least two pieces, one for the graph and one for tally chart.
  • Bar graph= green paper, line graph= red paper, circle graph= white paper, picture graph= yellow paper, stem-and-leaf plot= pink paper, and a white piece of paper in each packet for the tally chart (write this on the board for students to see)
  • Markers and crayons
  • Overhead projector (optional)

 

References

Contributors: